Scientific Publications

A key priority of The Cape Leopard Trust is to invest in and empower scientific research. The result is that the employees, students and associates of the CLT have authored and co-authored a number of peer-reviewed academic articles.

Such scientific papers are vital to consistently improve the strategic management of the ecosystems and landscapes in which we work. Contributions to scientific literature are a valuable tool to assist researchers globally by sharing knowledge.


  • Nieman, W.A., Leslie, A.J., Wilkinson, A. Wossler, T.C. 2019. Socioeconomic and biophysical determinants of wire-snare poaching incidence and behaviour in the Boland Region of South Africa. Journal for Nature Conservation. Volume 52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2019.125738

  • Mann, G.K.H., Wilkinson, A., Hayward, J., Drouilly, M., O'Riain, M.J. & Parker, D.M. 2019. The effects of aridity on land use, biodiversity and dietary breadth in leopards. Mammalian Biology Vol 98: 43-51.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2019.07.003

  • Nieman, W.A., Leslie, A.J., & Wilkinson, A. 2019. Traditional medicinal animal use by Xhosa and Sotho communities in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicinie, 15:34. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-019-0311-6

  • Hofman MPG, Hayward MW, Heim M, Marchand P, Rolandsen CM, Mattisson J, et al. (2019) Right on track? Performance of satellite telemetry in terrestrial wildlife research. PLoS ONE 14(5): e0216223. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0216223
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  • Serieys, L.E.K., Hammond-Aryee, K., Bishop, J., Broadfield, J., O’Riain, J.M., & van Helden, P.D. 2019. High Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in an Urban Caracal (Caracal caracal) Population in South Africa. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 55(4).
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  • Serieys, L.E.K., Bishop, J., Okes, N., Broadfield, J., Winterton D.J., Poppenga, R.H., Viljoen, S., Wayne, R.K., & O'Riain, M.J. 2019. Widespread anticoagulant poison exposure in predators in a rapidly growing South African city. Science of the Total Environment. Vol 666: 581-590 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.122

  • Steenkamp, E. (2018) Mesopredator abundances, prey interactions and diet of Caracal caracal and Canis mesomelas in the Gamkaberg, Western Cape. MSc Thesis, University of Stellenbosch. (Download link: https://scholar.sun.ac.za/handle/10019.1/105098)

  • Rich L.N., Davis C.L., Farris Z.J., Miller, D.A.W., Tucker, J.M., Hamel, S., Farhadinia, M.S., Steenweg, R., Di Bitetti, M.S., Thapa, K., Kane, M.D., Sunarto, S., Robinson, N.P., Paviolo, A., Cruz, P. Martins, Q., Gholikhani, N., Taktehrani, A., Whittington, J., Widodo, F.A., Yoccoz, N.G., Wultsch, C., Harmsen, B.J., Kelly, M.J. (2017) Assessing global patterns in mammalian carnivore occupancy and richness by integrating local camera trap surveys. Global Ecology & Biogeography. 2017;00:1–12. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12600
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  • de Satgé, J., Teichman, K. & Cristescu, B. (2017). Competition and coexistence in a small carnivore guildOecologia early online https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-017-3916-2

  • Swanepoel LH, Balme G, Williams S, Power RJ, Snyman A, Gaigher I, Senekal C, Martins Q, Child MF. (2016). A conservation assessment of Panthera pardus. In Child MF, Roxburgh L, Do Linh San E, Raimondo D, Davies-Mostert HT, editors. The Red List of Mammals of South Africa, Swaziland and Lesotho. South African National Biodiversity Institute and Endangered Wildlife Trust, South Africa.
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  • Avenant NL, Drouilly M, Power RJ, Thorn M, Martins Q, Neils A, du Plessis J, Do Linh San E. (2016). A conservation assessment of Caracal caracal. In Child MF, Roxburgh L, Do Linh San E, Raimondo D, Davies-Mostert HT, editors. The Red List of Mammals of South Africa, Swaziland and Lesotho. South African National Biodiversity Institute and Endangered Wildlife Trust, South Africa.
    Download

  • Jansen, C. (2016). Diet of key predators responsible for livestock conflict in Namaqualand, South Africa. MSc Thesis, University of Stellenbosch.
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  • Murgatroyd, M., Underhill, L.G., Rodrigues, L., Amar, A. (2016) The influence of agricultural transformation on the breeding performance of a top predator: Verreaux’s Eagles in contrasting land use areas. The Condor: Ornithological Applications 118(2), 238-252
    Download (Research partially funded through a grant by The Cape Leopard Trust to M.M.)

  • Ropiquet, A., Knight, A.T., Born, C., Martins, Q., Balme, G., Kirkendall, L., Hunter, L., Senekal, C. & Matthee C.A. (2015) Implications of spatial genetic patterns for conserving African leopards. Comptes Rendus Biologies 388(11), 728-737 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crvi.2015.06.019)

  • Mann, G. (2014). Aspects Of The Ecology Of Leopards (panthera Pardus) In The Little Karoo, South Africa. PhD thesis, Rhodes University.
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  • Martins, Q. & Harris, S. (2013). Movement, activity and hunting behaviour of leopards in the Cederberg mountains, South Africa. African Journal of Ecology, pp. 1- 9.

  • Martins, Q., Horsnell, W.G.C., Titus, W., Rautenbach, T. & Harris, S. (2011). Diet determination of the Cape Mountain leopards using global positioning system location clusters and scat analysis. Journal of Zoology 283, 81-87.

  • Fröhlich, M. (2011). Studying the foraging ecology of leopards (Panthera pardus) using activity and location data: an exploratory attempt. Masters Thesis.
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  • Martins, Q. (2010). The ecology of the leopard Panthera pardus in the Cederberg Mountains. PhD Thesis, University of Bristol.

  • Rautenbach, T. (2009) Assessing the diet of the Cape leopard (Panthera pardus) in the Cederberg and Gamka Mountains, South Africa. Master's Thesis, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa (Scholarship provided by the Cape Leopard Trust).
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  • Lindsay, P. (2008) A spatio-temporal analysis of the habitat use of leopards (Panthera pardus) in the Karoo biome of the Cederberg Mountains, South Africa. Honours Thesis, University of Cape Town, South Africa (in collaboration with the Cape Leopard Trust).
    Download

  • Parsons, S., Smith, S.G.D., Martins, Q., Horsnell, W.G.C, Gouse, T.A., Streichera, E.M., Warrena, R.M., van Helden, P.D. & van Pittiusa, N.C.G. (2008) Pulmonary infection due to the dassie bacillus (Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex sp.) in a free-living dassie (rock hyrax—Procavia capensis) from South Africa. Tuberculosis 88, 80-83.
    Download

  • Martins, N. (2006) Conservation genetics of Panthera pardus in South Africa: Phylogeography of mitochondrial lineages. Master's Thesis, University of Bergen, Norway (Scholarship provided by the Cape Leopard Trust).
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  • Martins, Q. & Martins, N. (2006) Leopards of the Cape: Conservation and Conservation concerns. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 63(5), 579-585.
    Download

  • Daly, B., Power, J., Camacho, G., Traylor-Holzer, K., Barber, S., Catterall, S., Fletcher, P., Martins,Q., Martins, N., Owen, C., Thal, T. and Friedmann, Y.,(editors). (2005). Leopard (Panthera pardus) PHVA. Workshop Report. Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (SSC / IUCN) / CBSG South Africa. Endangered Wildlife Trust.
    Download

Acceptable trapping techniques

icon no trap The Cape Leopard Trust’s position statement on acceptable trapping techniques for carnivore research

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